Agustín Udiás, Jesuit Contribution to Science: A History (2015)

ChineseCS 2015年1月15日15:34:40
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作者:Udiás, Agustín 

书名:《耶稣会士的科学贡献:一段历史》(Jesuit Contribution to Science: A History)

New York / Heidelberg : Springer, 2015, XI + 277 p. , ISBN 978-3-319-08364-3

 

chapter 4 (pp. 79-104): Jesuit astronomers in China and India :

4.1 Matteo Ricci, from Macerata to Beijing ........................................ 79

4.2 The Reform of the Calendar .......................................................... 84

4.3 Johann Schall and Ferdinand Verbiest ............................................. 87

4.4 Jesuit Directors of the Imperial Observatory ................................. 93

4.5 The French Mission ....................................................................... 95

4.6 The French Expedition to Siam ..................................................... 97

4.7 Jesuit Astronomers in India ............................................................ 99

4.8 Scientific Exchange Between West and East ................................. 102

Abstract  (see http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-08365-0_4) :

The first Jesuit to enter China was Matteo Ricci. He became aware of the interest of Chinese in mathematics and astronomy and their relative ignorance and wrote in Chinese books on these subjects. He made the first translation of Euclid’s work into Chinese. He saw the importance of Jesuits to be involved in the reform of the Chinese calendar that had many failures. Johann Schall became director of the Imperial Observatory and his calendar was approved in 1645. Under the first Manchu Emperor Sunzhi, Schall became an important counsellor at the imperial court. He was succeeded in the direction of the Observatory by Ferdinand Verbiest who had a high rank position with emperor Kangxi. Jesuits were in charge of the Observatory until 1773. Jesuit astronomers made an expedition to Siam that soon failed. Jesuits made also astronomical observations in India, specially, collaborating with the Rajah of Jaipur. Thus Jesuits were the first to bring western astronomy and mathematics toChina and India, carrying out scientific exchange between West and East.

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