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韓琦 Qi, HAN
康熙朝經線每度弧長標準的奠立 ——兼論耶穌會士安多與歐洲測量學在宮廷的傳播 "Antoin
中國科技史雜誌 The Chinese Journal for the History of Science and Technology, vol. 40, no. 3, 2019, 290-312.
Because of the Kangxi emperor’s personal interest in science and his use of science in governing the empire, the European knowledge of surveying was again introduced into China. Based on Chinese and European sources, this paper examines the role of Antoine Thomas (1644-1709), a Belgian Jesuit missionary and imperial tutor, in cartographic surveying and hydrological measurement, especially his contribution in the measurement of the length of meridian line in one degree. This measurement laid a solid foundation for the large scale map surveying during the Kangxi reign. In order to meet the need of the surveying, Antoine Thomas also compiled Celiang gaoyuan yiqi yongfa, which supersedes the late Ming dynasty works on surveying and represents the practical orientation of mathematics at the imperial court during the Kangxi reign.