徐光台:利瑪竇《萬國二圜圖 》于馮應京印 “doi mappamondi piccoli” 考

ChineseCS 2015年3月13日09:37:41过往信息评论5,6571559字阅读5分11秒

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Hsu Kuang-Tai 徐光台 (Xu Guangtai) ,

 

Li Madou <Wan guo er yuan tu> yu Feng Yingjing yin “doi mappamondi piccoli” kao 利瑪竇《萬國二圜圖 》于馮應京印 “doi mappamondi piccoli” 考

(On Matteo Ricci’s Wanguo Er Yuan Tu and Feng Yingjing’s print of “doi mappamondi piccoli”),

 

Hanxue yanjiu  漢學研究  vol. 32, no. 3 (Sept. 2014), pp. 287-310.

 

Abstract (p. 309/10):

Past scholars have examined the question of Matteo Ricci’s Wanguo er yuan tu 萬國二圜圖 and his mention of “doi mappamondi piccoli” printed by Feng Yingjing 馮應京 (1555-1606). However, they disagree on their origins, titles, and years of publication, and cannot distinguish them. Since the original maps are lost, this paper re-examines this issue from the viewpoint of historical geography: the author will build a sequence of historical inferences in order to clarify the origin of the maps, to which maps “doi mappamondi piccoli” refers, as well as explaining the history of this issue.

In his “Evidential Study on Matteo Ricci’s World Maps” (1936), Hong Ye

洪業 (1893-1980) translates “doi mappamondi piccoli” as “two small geographical world maps,” stating them to be the maps of the Eastern and Western Hemispheres that appeared in the Fang yu sheng lüe 方輿勝略 (1610), and identifying them with Yudi quan tu 輿地全圖 and Wanguo er yuan tu. In fact it was Zhang Jingyuan 張京元 who persuaded Ricci to produce Wanguo er yuan tuand who printed it in 1607. It was unrelated to Feng Yingjing and “doi mappamondi piccoli.” Ricci neither mentioned what the “doi mappamondi piccoli” were, nor gave them to Feng Yingjing. Uncapitalized, “doi  mappamondi piccoli” does not seem to refer to a complete world map. This paper infers that Feng obtained a copy of Ricci’s Shanhai yudi quan tu 山海 輿地全圖 (1600), which contains several small diagrams, then selected, modified and printed two of them in his work Yueling guangyi 月令廣義 (1602).

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