《中国基督教研究》2021年第17期

ChineseCS 2021年12月1日14:27:19《中国基督教研究》评论546字数 17267阅读57分33秒阅读模式

中国基督教研究
Journal of Research for Christianity in China

ISSN:2325-9914

《中国基督教研究》2021年第17期

网址:JRCC.ChineseCS.cn; JRCC.ChineseCS.cc

本刊已加入华艺线上数位图书馆,并加入DOI数据库。

DOI.org/10.29635/JRCC

《中国基督教研究》(半年刊)由美国洛杉矶基督教与中国研究中心,与中国上海大学宗教与中国社会研究中心联合编辑出版,创刊于2013年,国际刊号为2325-9914。投稿或任何意见,请发送至电子邮箱:ChristianStudies@163.com;或访问网站:ChineseCS.cc。

This journal is collected in AIRITI Library and indexed in DOI database.

Journal of Research for Christianity in China (Semi-Annual, ISSN: 2325-9914) is published jointly by the Center of Chrisitanity and China in Los Angeles, USA and the Center for the Study of Religion and Chinese Society, Shanghai University, China. This journal was founded in 2013. Submissions or any comments should be sent to this email address: ChrisianStudies@163.com. More information, please visit this website: ChineseCS.cc.

注:已通过初审的文章,正在进行匿名评审。评审通过后,将陆续在本刊刊登。如有查询,敬请联系本刊。

征稿启事:https://chinesecs.cc/6045.html

注释体例:https://chinesecs.cc/4754.html


编辑委员会EDITORIAL BOARD

顾问Editorial Advisor:

李 灵(美国洛杉矶基督教与中国研究中心)
Daniel L. LI (Christianity and China Research Center, Los Angeles)

主编Editor in Chief:

肖清和(上海大学)
Qinghe XIAO (Shanghai Unviersity)

副主编Associate Editor-in-Chief:

俞 强(浙江省社会科学院)
Qiang YU (Zhejiang Academy of Social Sciences)
彭 睿(南昌大学)
Rui PENG (Nanchang University)

编辑委员会Editors Committee:

郭建斌(西南民族大学)
Jianbin GUO (Southwest Minzu University)
宋怀思(陕西神哲学院)
Huaisi SONG (Shaanxi Major Catholic Seminary)
谢伊霖(暨南大学)
Yilin XIE (Jinan University)
奚 望(北京大学)
Wang XI (Peking University)
聂 利(中南民族大学)
Li NIE (South Central University for Nationalities)
王学晟(台湾中原大学)
Nathanael WANG (Chung Yuan Christian University)
孙良慧(美国圣母大学)
Vicky Lianghui SUN (University of Notre Dame)

助理编辑Assistant Editor:

王艺(上海大学)
Yi WANG (Shanghai University)


 

Journal of Research for Christianity in China (Semi-Annual, ISSN: 2325-9914)
No. 17, December 2021

《中国基督教研究》半年刊·ISSN:2325-9914

2021年12月·第十七期

 

《中国基督教研究》2021年第17期

 

目录

编者的话…………1
From the Editors

 

特 稿 …………4
Special Articles

 

赵紫宸“中国化基督教”思想撷英(张志刚)………… 5
T. C. Chao's thoughts on "Sinicization of Christianity"

 

一般论文………… 24
Articles

 

The Theme of Sabbath in the Bible: A Biblical Theology Approach (Donald WANG) …………25
二十世纪基督教政治神学论评(安希孟)………… 39
Comments on Contemporary Political Theology
基督宗教与孙中山早期现代化思想溯源(陈才俊)………… 77
Christianity and the Origin of Sun Yat-sen's Early Thought on Modernization
马丁·路德与视觉艺术及基督教中国化(陈企瑞)………… 97
Matin Luther’s view on Visual Arts and Sinicization
开荒与奠基:晚清宣道会在华中教区的传教路线及信仰实践(1892-1899)(倪步晓) …………120
Reclamation and Establishment: The Missionary Route and Belief Practice of The Christian and Missionary Alliance in the Late Qing Dynasty in the Diocese of Central China (1892-1899)
试析基督教与近代海南黎苗聚居区社会文化变迁(1881—1937)(谭慧)………… 163
Christianity and Social and Cultural Changes in Li and Miao Settlements in Hainan in Modern Times
《圣经》中死亡观念的嬗变与综合:《旧约》与《新约》死亡观之比较(王治军)………… 182
The Evolution and Synthesis of the Concept of Death Between the Old Testament and the New Testament
抗战期间香港中华基督教青年会的电影放映(1931-1941)(张仕林)………… 201
Film Screenings of the Hong Kong YMCA During the Anti-Japanese War (1931-1941)
新教第二代中文译经研究回顾(周歌珊)………… 227
A Review of the Research on the Second Generation of Protestant Effort in Translating the Chinese Bible

 

编辑部启事 …………254
Announcements from the Editors

 

中国基督教研究优秀论文奖………… 255
中国基督教研究优秀学生奖学金 …………256
《中国基督教研究》稿约 …………257
《中国基督教研究》注释体例………… 258

 


 


中英文摘要及单篇文章下载


赵紫宸“中国化基督教”思想撷英

张志刚(北京大学)

摘要:中国著名基督教哲学家、神学家、教育家、文学家赵紫宸(T. C. Chao,1888-1979),堪称倡导“基督教中国化”的思想先驱。关于赵紫宸所阐发的“中国化基督教”思想,虽然以往海内外学者早就有所关注,但尚未加以系统化的专题研究。本文则试图在以往研讨的基础上深化一层,即聚焦赵紫宸“中国化基督教”思想的问题意识,深究其思想的逻辑进路,发掘其思想的时代意义。
关键词:西方基督教、基督教本真、中国文化、中国民族、中国化的基督教

DOI: 10.29635/JRCC.202112_(17).0001

 

T. C. Chao's thoughts on "Sinicization of Christianity"

ZHANG Zhigang (Peking University)

 

Abstract: T. C. Chao (1888-1979), a famous Chinese Christian philosopher, theologian, educator, and literary scholar, is a pioneer in advocating the "Sinicization of Christianity. Although scholars at home and abroad have long paid attention to the thought of "Sinicization of Christianity" expounded by T. C. Chao, it has not been systematically studied. In this paper, we try to deepen one layer on the basis of previous researches, that is, to focus on the problematic consciousness of T. C. Chao's thought of "Sinicization of Christianity", to investigate the logical progression of his thought, and to discover the significance of his thought in the times.

Keywords: Western Christianity, Authentic Christianity, Chinese culture, Chinese nation, Sinicization of Christianity

 

PDF文件下载Download the file


The Theme of Sabbath in the Bible: A Biblical Theology Approach

Donald Wang(Trinity International University, USA)

Abstract: The theme of Sabbath is an important area of overlooked research. This paper focuses on the theme of Sabbath. My thesis is that the theme of Sabbath develops, progresses, intensifies in the Old Testament, and how is ultimately fulfilled in Jesus Christ in the New Testament, especially in Matthew 11:28-30 and Hebrews 3-4.
Keywords: Sabbath, Creation, Redemption, Typology of Sabbath, Ultimate Rest

DOI: 10.29635/JRCC.202112_(17).0002

 

PDF文件下载Download the file


二十世纪基督教政治神学论评
安希孟(山西大学)

摘要:本文属于基督教神学思想发展史的一个片段。政治神学可以追溯到斯多葛派。二十世纪施米特光复了政治神学。政治神学依然是欧洲的思潮。欧洲社会经历各种批判风潮而革新。二十世纪六十年代政治神学的主题再度引起重视。对政治领域的强调再次发挥影响力。现代政治神学对神学与政治关系模式提出新的看法。政治神学不同于迫使神学家和教牧人员“讲论政治”。现代政治神学更注重此岸,而不是对彼岸世界的遐想。具体多于抽象。公共多于私人。实践多于思辨。历史的具体多于形而上学。对苦难的思考多于对天国的沉思缅想。以往的政治神学认同现状,新的政治神学是批判的、实践的、革命的、反抗的、解放的、激进的、公共的神学。政治神学接受了马克思主义的本质的批判性、革命性、实践性、公共性。它们认真对待马克思的宗教批评。它也对教会机构和神学传统进行批判。“非私人化”也是所有政治神学家的纲领。莫尔特曼强调新、旧政治神学的分殊。古老的过时的政治神学叫政治宗教。宗教对世俗社会的“屈从”,就是以宗教为婢女的政治宗教。但另一方面,欧洲政治神学也缺少解放神学拿枪的神父那种实际社会后果。
关键词:政治、异化、社会、解放、希望、世俗、实践、批判、世界、未来
DOI: 10.29635/JRCC.202112_(17).0003

 

Comments on Contemporary Political Theology

AN Ximeng (Shanxi University)

Abstract: The article belongs to a fragment of the development history of Christian theology. Political theology can be traced back to the Stoics.In the twentieth century Schmidt restored political theology.Political theology is still the European trend of thought.European society was reformed through various waves of criticism.Themes of political theology gained renewed attention in the 1960s.The emphasis on politics is once again having an impact.Modern political theology puts forward a new view on the relationship between theology and politics.Political theology is different from forcing theologians and pastors to "talk politics".Modern political theology pays more attention to this side than to the imagination of the other side.More concrete than abstract.Public more than private.Practice is more than speculation.History is more concrete than metaphysical.The contemplation of suffering is greater than the contemplation of heaven.The former political theology identifies with the present situation, while the new political theology is critical, practical, revolutionary, rebellious, liberating, radical and public theology.Political theology has accepted the critical, revolutionary, practical and public nature of Marxism.They take Marx's religious criticism seriously.It was also critical of church institutions and theological traditions."Deprivatization" is also the creed of all political theologians.Moltmann stresses the distinction between old and new political theology.The old, outdated political theology is called political religion.The "submission" of religion to the secular society is the political religion that takes religion as its handmaid.On the other hand, European political theology lacks the practical social consequences of the gun-toting priests of liberation theology.

Keywords: political alienation, social liberation, hope, secular practice, criticism of the future of the world

 

PDF文件下载Download the file


基督宗教与孙中山早期现代化思想溯源
陈才俊(暨南大学)

摘要:1883至1892年,孙中山在香港完成自己的中等和高等教育。此期,正值其17至26岁,乃其知识积累与思想形成之重要阶段。孙中山因仰慕西方现代文明与科学技术而在香港皈依基督教会,因谙熟基督宗教乃西方文明之根而于大学时代潜心研习西学,因认同西方君主立宪制度而萌生革新中国旧制的思想。此为其早期思想形成之基本理路。孙中山早期思想的核心并非武装革命,而是救国济民,使中国走上现代化道路,具体手段则是“改良”与“革新”。
关键词:孙中山、基督宗教、革新救国 、现代化
DOI: 10.29635/JRCC.202112_(17).0004

 

Christianity and the Origin of Sun Yat-sen's Early Thought on Modernization

CHEN Caijun (Jinan University)

Abstract: Sun Yat-sen completed his secondary and higher education in Hong Kong during the years from 1883 to 1892. This period, in which Sun was aged 17 to 26, represented an essential stage for his intellectual accumulation and the formation of his ideology. Sun converted to Christianity in Hong Kong due to his admiration for modern Western civilization and scientific technology. In addition, he devoted himself to studying Western learning during his university years since he knew that Christianity was the root of Western civilization. Moreover, he developed the idea of reforming the old feudal system in China by identifying himself with the Western constitutional monarchy. These are the fundamental rationales that shaped Sun’s thoughts. Instead of armed revolution, the core of Sun's early thinking was to save the country and the people, and bring China onto the road to modernization, with specific methods of "improvement" and "innovation.

Key words: Sun Yat-sen, Christianity, innovation and national salvation, modernization

 

PDF文件下载Download the file


马丁·路德与视觉艺术及基督教中国化

陈企瑞(芬兰赫尔辛基大学)

摘要:视觉艺术(visual arts)在马丁·路德(Martin Luther, 1483-1546)的神学阐释及实践中是不可忽略的。在1522年至1545年间,路德针对宗教改革期间的圣像破坏运动,提出了他的神学阐释来表明对视觉艺术的思考和理解;从1519年至1544年,路德参与过的视觉艺术作品直观而具体地反应了路德的视觉艺术理念,从中也可以看到他的态度和立场。本文根据路德对视觉艺术的理论和参与,来分析并解释其历史背景、神学依据并附带一些评论,最后关联路德的视觉艺术与基督教中国化这两个因素,从基督教视觉艺术的题材和形式两方面进行探讨。
关键词:马丁·路德、圣像破坏运动、视觉艺术、基督教中国化

DOI: 10.29635/JRCC.202112_(17).0005

 

Matin Luther’s view on Visual Arts and Sinicization

CHEN Qirui (University of Helsinki, Finland)

Abstract: Martin Luther (1483-1546) never uses the term “visual arts”, which, remains indispensable for his theological articulation and practice. Since 1522, the Iconoclsam under the Spiritualists had caused social turbulence in Wittenberg and the other places in Europe. Luther set forth his view on visual arts defending against that radical deed. Through the Biblical interpretations and theological treatises, Luther had made the social situation stable successfully. In Luther’s discussion from 1522 to 1545, we find his dialectical, Biblical and theological attitude and position on visual arts. For Luther, visual arts could be used in church life as far as they were regarded as a way of understanding belief, rather than al. According to Luther’s view on visual arts, this paper displays the analysis of his historical backdrop, theological foundation and some assessment, as well as applies Luther’s on visual arts into the modern context in China. In doing so, it demonstrates that Martin Luther’s idea of visual arts can be utilized for the exploration of Christian Sinicization today.
Key words: Martin Luther, Iconoclasm, visual arts, Chinese Christianity

 

PDF文件下载Download the file


开荒与奠基:晚清宣道会在华中教区的传教路线及信仰实践(1892-1899)

倪步晓(香港中国神学研究院)

摘要:宣道会(Christian and Missionary Alliance)是十九世纪末美国基督教传教运动的产物,自该传教组织成立伊始,就派遣传教士开拓在中国的福音工场。宣道会在华确立传教策略,于中国划分出不同范围的传教区,其中华中教区是本文叙述的主线,拟建大小不同规模的传教站,展开游行布道、个人友谊和办学校来传播基督信仰等,普遍的工作与诸多在华传教团体事务有着共同点。他们既有一种普世基督教传教运动的精神,也具在本地教会的实践经验。传教士与本地信徒,在乡村、家庭、教堂等固定地方,从了解、接受到改宗基督信仰,有着稳定且长期的关系网。尽管因改宗需付出一定的人际、社会成本代价,他们却依靠教会的教徒关系及宗教经验,得到基督徒内部的粘聚力。再则,随着华中宣道会重视巡回布道,传教士抱持基督再临前,迫切拯救人灵魂的宗教信念,开拓过去难以突破的湖南地区传教站,从而实现扮演开路先锋的角色,即是首个进驻湖南省的基督教差会。这种发展模式不但符合传教士开荒“未得之地”的期望,而且标志着华中宣道会具有直接布道的差传路线。
关键词:宣道会、华中、传教路线、信仰实践

DOI: 10.29635/JRCC.202112_(17).0006

 

Reclamation and Establishment: The Missionary Route and Belief Practice of The Christian and Missionary Alliance in the Late Qing Dynasty in the Diocese of Central China (1892-1899)
Buxiao NI (China Graduate School of Theology, Hong Kong)

Abstract: The Christian and Missionary Alliance is the product of the American missionary movement in the late nineteenth century. Since the establishment of the missionary organization, it has sent missionaries to open up gospel workshops in China. The Christian and Missionary Alliance has established missionary strategies in China and divided different mission areas in China. Among them, the Central China mission area is the main line described in this article. It plans to build mission stations of different sizes, carry on parade sermons, build personal friendships, and run schools to spread the Christian faith. Its general work has something in common with the affairs of many missionary organizations in China. They not only have the spirit of the universal Christian missionary movement, but also have practical experience in the local church. Missionaries built a stable and long-term relationship network with the local believers in fixed places such as villages, homes, churches, etc., from understanding, accepting to converting to Christianity. Although they had to pay a certain amount of interpersonal and social costs due to conversion, they relied on the church’s religious relationship and religious experience to gain internal cohesion among Christians. Furthermore, as the Christian and Missionary Alliance in Central China paid more attention to traveling preaching, missionaries held the religious belief of saving souls before Christ’s second coming, and opened up missionary stations in Hunan that were difficult to break through in the past, thus realizing the role of pioneering pioneers, which is the first Christian Mission Association stationed in Hunan Province. This development model not only meets the missionaries' expectations of "unreached land", but also marks that the Christian and Missionary Alliance has a direct evangelistic route in Central China.
Keywords: Christian and Missionary Alliance, Central China, Missionary Route, Belief Practice

 

PDF文件下载Download the file


试析基督教与近代海南黎苗聚居区社会文化变迁(1881—1937)

谭慧(湖南师范大学)

摘要:第二次鸦片战争后,琼州被开辟为通商口岸,此后来琼外国人日益增多,成为影响近代海南社会变迁的重要因素。1881年,第一名基督教(新教)传教士冶基善(Carl C. Jeremiassen)来到海南,基督教(新教)在琼传教事业由此开始。初期,传教士以人口集中的汉族聚居区为根据地开展传教事业,同时对海南内陆的黎苗族聚居区开展调查。随着影响力的日益扩大,传教士进而采取一系列的传教活动,将基督教传入海南的黎族、苗族聚居区。受其影响,海南黎族与苗族在宗教信仰、文化教育与医疗观念方面均发生了不同程度的变化。这种变化展现了异质文化影响下,黎、苗两族社会文化变迁的近代化趋向。
关键词:近代海南、基督教、黎苗聚居区、社会变迁

DOI: 10.29635/JRCC.202112_(17).0007

 

Christianity and Social and Cultural Changes in Li and Miao Settlements in Hainan in Modern Times

TAN Hui (Hunan Normal University)

Abstract: After the Second Opium War, Qiongzhou was opened as a trading port. Since then, the number of foreigners in Qiong has increased, which has become an important factor affecting the social changes in modern Hainan. In 1881, the first Protestant missionary, Carl C. Jeremiassen, came to Hainan, and the Protestant missionary career in Qiong began. In the early days, missionaries carried out missionary activities based on the densely populated areas of Han nationality, and at the same time carried out investigations on the inland areas of Li and Miao nationality in Hainan. With the increasing influence, the missionaries then adopted a series of missionary activities to introduce Christianity into the settlements of the Li and Miao nationalities in Hainan. Affected by this, the Hainan Li and Miao nationalities have undergone varying degrees of changes in religious beliefs, cultural education, and medical concepts. This change shows the modernization trend of the social and cultural changes of the Li and Miao ethnic groups under the influence of heterogeneous culture.
Keywords: Hainan in modern times, Christianity, Li and Miao settlements, social changes

 

PDF文件下载Download the file


《圣经》中死亡观念的嬗变与综合:《旧约》与《新约》死亡观之比较

王治军(廊坊师范学院)

摘要:整部《圣经》并没有一个对于死亡的一致理解,在生命态度和死亡观念上,《旧约》和《新约》存在着诸多分歧与矛盾。耶稣是基督并死而复活这一事件,使死亡观念发生了一种嬗变。在《新约》中,基督徒藉着对死中复活的耶稣基督的信仰,燃起了复活和永生的希望,在与耶稣基督之死的交遇中,实现了与《旧约》中死亡观念的综合。
关键词:圣经、旧约、新约、信仰、死亡观念

DOI: 10.29635/JRCC.202112_(17).0008

 

The Evolution and Synthesis of the Concept of Death Between the Old Testament and the New Testament

WANG Zhijun (Langfang Normal University)

Abstract: There is no consistent understanding the concept of death throughout The Bible. In the attitude of life and the concept of death, there are many contradictions between the Old and New Testament. The fact that Jesus was Christ and died and was resurrected transmutes the concept of death. Christians have raised hopes of resurrection and eternal life through faith in Jesus, who rose from the dead. In the encounter with the death of Jesus, the concept of death in the Old Testament changes and synthesizes.
Key Words: The Bible, Old Testament, New Testament, Faith, The Concept of Death

 

PDF文件下载Download the file


抗战期间香港中华基督教青年会的电影放映(1931-1941)

张仕林(北京电影学院)

摘要:香港中华基督教青年会自1904年起便开始在中央会所里放映电影,第一是为了满足青年会自身运营而进行的商业性放映,第二则是为了满足精英阶层的“健康有益的娱乐”需求和促进对青年会会员的公民教育而进行的公益性放映。中国进入局部抗战阶段,香港青年会在延续以上两种电影放映的同时,利用电影为国家救亡事业进行筹款并服务社会,通过儿童剧团的戏剧与电影活动发扬了民族精神,培养了健全的现代公民。中日全面战争爆发后,香港青年会与广州青年会共同组建了粤港青年会随军服务团并设立电影队虽粤军北上并进行流动电影放映,为士兵带来精神慰藉的同时激发了军民共赴国难的爱国热情。
关键词:电影放映、香港中华基督教青年会、香港电影文化、抗日战争

DOI: 10.29635/JRCC.202112_(17).0009

Film Screenings of the Hong Kong YMCA During the Anti-Japanese War (1931-1941)
ZHANG Shilin (Beijing Film Academy)
Abstract: Since 1904, the Hong Kong YMCA has been screening films in its central clubhouse, both commercially for the YMCA's own operations and for the benefit of the elite for "wholesome and useful entertainment" and civic education for YMCA members.After China entered the partial war of resistance against Japan, the Hong Kong YMCA continued the above two types of film projection while using film to raise funds for the national salvation cause and to serve the community, promoting the national spirit and cultivating sound modern citizens through the drama and film activities of children's theater groups. After the outbreak of the Sino-Japanese War, the Hong Kong YMCA and the Guangzhou YMCA jointly formed the Guangdong-Hong Kong YMCA Military Service Corps and set up a film crew to go north with the Cantonese army and conduct mobile film screenings, bringing spiritual comfort to the soldiers and inspiring patriotic enthusiasm among the soldiers and civilians to go to the country together.
Key Words: Film-Screenings, the Hong Kong YMCA, Hong Kong Film Culture, Anti-Japanese War

新教第二代中文译经研究回顾
周歌珊(上海大学宗教与中国社会研究中心)

摘要:自1830年代后期,以修订马礼逊译本为名,麦都思、郭实猎、裨治文及马儒翰及他们的中外助手,展开了新教第二代译经活动。是次译经分为协作与分化两大阶段;前一阶段,四人先后在澳门与广州展开协作,并形成了第二代《新约》译本;后一阶段,因协作译本遭英国圣经公会否决,而分化为麦都思与郭实猎两路。本文将对“二代译经”的历史与文本研究做一回顾,并尝试略解“二代译经”研究不显之缘由
关键词:二代译经、麦都思、郭实猎、裨治文、马儒翰
DOI: 10.29635/JRCC.202112_(17).0010

A Review of the Research on the Second Generation of Protestant Effort in Translating the Chinese Bible
ZHOU Geshan (Shanghai University)

Abstract: On the eve of the First Opium War, a new Chinese Bible was going to come out, later known as the "Medhurst's version", "Gützlaff's version", or "quartet's version". It is the very first cross-organizational collaboration of protestant missionaries, who are the so-called "second generation of Bible translators", to render the Holy Scriptures in favor of the local Chinese language rather than the original text. Certain revised editions of this version would thereafter become the sources of the Delegates' and Taiping Bible respectively whereby its influences in Chinese biblical translation extend. Despite such watershed role, thematic discussions have only occasionally been done, almost all of which scatter in intersections. Therefore, through an in-depth literature review, this article intends not only to outline the history and the extant text of the "second generation" of the protestant Chinese Bible that might shed light on further inquiry but also to offer some explanation for why it is usually out of focus in the study of the Chinese Bible.
Key words: the second generation of Chinese biblical translation, Medhurst, Gützlaff, quartet, Bridgman, Morrison

 

PDF文件下载Download the file


本期全文下载Download the Full Texts of this issue


 

继续阅读
匿名

发表评论

匿名网友 填写信息

:?: :razz: :sad: :evil: :!: :smile: :oops: :grin: :eek: :shock: :???: :cool: :lol: :mad: :twisted: :roll: :wink: :idea: :arrow: :neutral: :cry: :mrgreen: